By Dr. P V Naresh (Cardiothoracic Surgeon in Hyderabad), Cardiothoracic Surgery is also known as Thoracic Surgery. It means it is the field involved in surgical treatment of organs inside the thoracic (chest).
Alarming Cardiovascular Disease statistics in India
Globally the leading cause of death is attributed to Cardio Vascular Diseases also known as CVDs. In India, there has been an alarming rise in the occurrence of Heart Diseases in the past decade. According to studies published by The Lancet, Heart disease is named as the First or leading individual cause of disease burden and stroke as the fifth leading cause in India.
While the finding already is concerning to know that Heart Diseases and Diabetes are the highest in the Indian population, our country is already known to have been suffering from a high rate of chronic obstructive lung diseases and a range of infectious and childhood diseases. Increasing population numbers, pollution rates, rapidly changing lifestyles with increased amounts of stress, anxiety along with changes in eating and sleeping habits in the Indian community are contributing to the increase in risk factors for the above diseases.
As we know that Prevention is better than Cure, it is time to accept the problem and keep the conversations open between the general people and the medical professionals to manage the diseases. Instead of waiting until the time one of us or a loved one is facing these unfortunate problems, it is better to gain knowledge about the various options and medical treatments that are available in the world today for these diseases.
A good understanding of the Cardiothoracic area can help not only in the concerns of the patients but also answer general questions on heart-related topics. The knowledge of the ever-growing field and the latest technical and technological procedures can increase awareness in case of need. The best homework is to know about the best practices and the Best Cardiothoracic Surgeons in Hyderabad available in the city and keep the communication channels open.
Who is a Cardiothoracic Surgeon?
A doctor who specializes in the Cardio (the heart and blood vessels) and the Thoracic (lung and chest) regions of a human body is a Cardiothoracic Surgeon. They are well rounded in performing both Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeries and also combination surgeries of both these areas. The conditions that need to be treated can be the heart, lungs, other organs inside the chest like the esophagus, muscles and bones in the chest cavity and sometimes even the tissues in the thoracic region.
Some of the Cardiothoracic procedures include Open-Heart Surgery, Bypass Surgery, Heart and Lung Transplantation Surgeries, Valve Repairs and Replacement Surgeries, etc. The procedures could be both Surgical and Non-Invasive methods.
Cardiothoracic Surgeons are experts not only in the Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeries but also the go-to doctors for all the essentials needed to the care and treatment of illness that can be diagnosed in these areas of the body. They are the best judges to understand the problem and prescribe the need for surgery or the use of surgery to prevent any further illnesses that are a possibility in the future. Any medications, procedures or lifestyle change recommendations to restore normal functioning in these vital organs and their surrounding organs have to be followed strictly as prescribed by the Cardiothoracic Surgeon.
When to visit a Cardiothoracic Surgeon?
Most of the time patients are referred to a Cardiothoracic Surgeon by other doctors, general physicians or specialists in areas like Cardiology, Pulmonology, or Gastroenterology, whenever there is a need for surgeries involving the heart, lungs, esophagus or chest.
Some diagnostic tests to understand the need for a Cardiothoracic Surgeon visit include:
- CT scans
- MRI Scans
- Patient’s previous medical history
A Cardiothoracic Surgeon or other doctors may recommend the above tests and look at the results and images to decide the best course of action and the use of surgery for the treatment of Heart and Lung diseases.
Some of the common conditions that need Cardiothoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons:
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Valvular Heart disease
- Heart failure i.e End-stage heart disease(due to advanced Coronary Artery Disease or Viral Infection)
- Aneurysm of Aorta(the Main Artery of the body) and Dissections of Aorta
- Lung infection -an advanced stage where part of the lung (single lobe) need to be removed
- Congenital Cardiac defects
Some procedures carried out by a Cardiothoracic Surgeon include:
- Bypass Surgery or CABG(using Vein Grafts or Arterial Grafts)
- Valve Repairs and Replacement
- Congenital Cardiac Defect Repair
- Heart and Lung Transplantation
- Aortic Aneurysm Repair
- Lung Resections
- Post Angioplasty blocks for CABG
Best Cardiothoracic surgeon in the city
Cardiothoracic procedures and the technical practices involved in the treatment of these diseases are very complicated. As a result, very careful research is needed to choose wisely the surgeon that can be trusted with these vital organs of our body. A good Cardiothoracic Surgeon must not only be an expert in the practice but also be an ever- learning and ever-evolving student of the newer treatments and technological advancements in the field.
Dr. PV Naresh is a well renowned Cardiothoracic Surgeon in Hyderabad at Yashoda Hospitals which is one of the Top Super-Specialty Hospitals in Hyderabad. Dr.Naresh comes with an experience of more than 20 years in CTVS. He has extensive surgical expertise in Off-Pump CABG Total Arterial Revascularization, Minimal Invasive Valve Surgery, MIDCAB, Aortic Aneurysm Repairs, and the Minimal Invasive Valve Repairs and Replacements.
He is also well-versed and known for Heart Failure Surgeries like LV Restorations, Post MI VSR Repairs, etc. Dr. Naresh has performed over 10,000 Cardiothoracic Surgeries, more than 22 Heart Transplant Surgeries, more than 7 Lung Transplantation Surgeries, 3 Heart & Lung Transplantation Surgeries, many LVAD Implantations, and countless Congenital Cardiac Repairs.
If you or someone you know might be suffering from conditions related to Cardiothoracic treatments or surgery, visit Dr.P V Naresh to know more about the doctor, treatment procedures and keep the personal conversation going with the Best Cardiothoracic Surgeon in Hyderabad.
We have the credit of performing THE FIRST COMBINED HEART AND LUNG TRANSPLANT in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.